The title was Blake Winton's reaction to my re-telling of Margaret Menzin's story from this year's "It Seemed Like a Good Idea at the Time" session at SIGCSE. She asked her students to write a program that would sort names in library order (i.e., "Gregory V. Wilson" would be sorted under "W"). Turns out the rules are, well, real-world-ish:
Leonardo da Vinci ("da Vinci" just means "from Vinci")
Catherine de Medici (family name)
Juan Ponce de Leon (full family name is "Ponce de Leon")
Jean de La Fontaine (family name is "La Fontaine")
Gabriel Garcia Marquez (double-barrelled Spanish surnames)
Wernher von Braun (depending on whether he was in Germany or the US)
Elizabeth Alexandra May Windsor (monarchs sort by the name under which they took the throne)
Thomas a Beckett (special rules for saints, too)
Mao Tse-tung (Chinese family names come first)
Oh, and if you have names written in multiple languages? You sort the languages first, according to their names in English, then sort within each language using its own rules. And we haven't even started on:
Hon. Father Robert F. Drinan, S.J., L.L.D.
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Augusta Ada Byron King, Lady Lovelace
Major General Stanley
Later: the indefatigable Adam Goucher pointed me at NACO, who decide such things. Real world data is guilty of a lot more than Perl...